Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Breast cancer occurs when cells in your chest grow and divide uncontrolled, forming a mass of tissue called tumors. The risk of developing breast cancer may increase depending on your age and weight. What are the symptoms of breast cancer? We ask you to feel a lump in the chest, to experience a change in the size of the chest and to see changes in the skin on the breasts. Early detection is possible with mammograms.

What is Breast Cancer?

Cells in the body normally divide only when new cells are needed. Sometimes cells in one part of the body grow and spiral out of control, forming a mass of tissue called tumors. If the cells that grow out of control are normal cells, the tumor is called benign (not cancerous). However, if out-of-control cells are abnormal and do not function like normal cells of the body, the tumor is called malignant (cancerous). Cancers are named according to the part of the body from which they are caused. Breast cancer is caused by breast tissue. Like other cancers, breast cancer can invade and grow the tissue surrounding the breast. It can also go to other parts of the body and create new tumors, a process called metastasis.

What Are Breast Cancer Symptoms?

What Are Breast Cancer Symptoms?

The disease progresses slowly during the initial period. Therefore, breast cancer may not show symptoms in the initial stage. Some of the common symptoms of breast cancer are below. The disease progresses insidiously for many years without symptoms, and as its stage progresses, its symptoms are as follows.

  • Feeling pain in breast tissue,
  • Breast growth,
  • Shape difference between two breasts,
  • Pain in menstruity that has not been felt before,
  • Thickening or irritation of the breast skin,
  • Painless swelling or mass in the breast or armpits,
  • Structural differences such as nipple collapse, discolorment,
  • Redness or scar on the nipple,
  • Peeling on the nipple, rash,
  • Pink or red discharge from the nipple,
  • Weakness,
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss.

These changes can be found during monthly self-breast examinations. By self-examination of the breast, you may be familiar with normal monthly changes in your breasts. Self-breast examination should be performed at the same time every month, three to five days after the end of your menstrual period. If you have stopped menstruation, do the examination on the same day of each month.

Who Gets Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women after skin cancer. The most common risk factor for the symptoms and development of cancerous breast is increasing age, and 66% of breast cancer patients are diagnosed after the age of 55. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women after lung cancer. Most cases of breast cancer are “sporadic,” meaning there is no definitive gene mutation.

Causes of Breast Cancer

Environmental and genetic factors are effective in the formation of breast cancer. People with a history of breast cancer in their family are more likely to have this disease than others. Breast cancer occurs due to genetic and environmental factors. The presence of a history of breast cancer in the family increases the risk of developing breast cancer. In addition, the following risk factors include the causes of breast cancer:

  • Radiation exposure
  • Applying a poor diet in terms of fruits and vegetables
  • Starting menstruing at an early age
  • Using hormones for a long time after menopause
  • Low adipose tissue in the breast
  • Never breastfeeding
  • Being on birth control medication for a long time
  • Adopting a sedentary lifestyle
  • Advanced age
  • Obesity

How Does Breast Cancer Occur?

Most of the breast tissue is made up of adipose tissue. During lactation, the milk gland and milk ducts grow. This is the main reason why breast tissue varies from person to person. Breast cancer is caused by the differentiation of the milk ducts in breast tissue and the cells that make up the milk gland. Breast cancer occurs when these cells, which are found in every healthy woman, multiply uncontrolled. Cancerous cells continue to multiply over time, leads to mass formation. If the cancer is not treated, over time, the cancer cells spread throughout the body.

Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment

Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment

The diagnosis of the disease can be easily diagnosed with routine cancer screening or with some diagnostic tests to be carried out in patients admitted to health institutions with signs of breast cancer. The process begins first in the form of physical examination. In general, the following methods are used by diagnosing breast cancer in patients with doctor’s needs;

  • Biopsy
  • Mammography
  • Magnetic imaging,
  • Tomography
  • Ultrasound.

Breast cancer is one of the diseases that need to be awareness. This is because the disease does not show symptoms at an early stage. After the age of 20, every woman must manually examine her tinge once a month. If there is a difference in breast tissue, nipple or painless swelling of the breast, the physician should be consulted quickly. After the age of 40, it is very important for early diagnosis that all women have mammograms at least once every 2 years. If the person consults a physician with a suspicion of breast cancer, the physician first listens to the patient’s history and does his physical examination. When necessary, the physician may request mammography, ultrasound, PET, MRI or biopsy. Breast cancer treatment is done according to the stage of breast cancer and the current health status of the patient. Although breast tissue is the priority in treatment, breast tissue can be completely taken by mastectomy if necessary. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be required after surgical intervention. For early diagnosis of breast cancer, do not forget to have a mammogram at regular intervals.

Physical Activity and Cancer

In many studies, women who exercise moderately have a reduced risk of developing breast cancer. A physically active life is protective against cancer and provides psychologically happy thanks to the endorphin hormone secreted during exercise.

  • Keep your body weight at an ideal level.
  • Keep your vegetable and fruit consumption at a high level, and target consuming fruits and vegetables 5 times a day
  • Try limiting your fat intake. Make sure that 20-25% of the energy you receive daily come from oil. (Healthy adult individuals can increase this value by up to 30%.) When you adjust the nutrients you eat according to their fat content, you also reduce the amount of fat you consume.
  • Add nutrients rich in Omega 3 fatty acids to your nutrition plan.
  • Be sure to avoid trans fatty acids.
  • Limit your consumption of red meat to 1-2 times a week.
  • Avoid consuming smoked, burnt foods.
  • Avoid risks that can cause breast cancer as much as possible
  • Provide good nutrition
  • Keep yourself as stressed out as possible and keep your health.

Know that life is a gift given to us and please take care of it every minute you breathe.

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