Iron is a very important element for health. Iron plays a role in transporting oxygen to tissues as well as in the structure of many enzymes in the body. Iron is also the building block of hemoglobin, a substance that gives blood redness. Iron deficiency can be seen in all ages and both sexes, but most often affects infants between 6-24 months. Babies are born with their own iron stores if the mother doesn’t have a very heavy iron deficiency. Therefore, iron deficiency and related anemia do not develop in infants born on time and breastfed except for premature babies. Babies born prematurely need iron supplementation from the 2nd month because they are not born with adequate iron storage.
Iron deficiency anemia is frequently observed in children between 6-24 months. Iron deficiency in the mother is also very important for the child. After 6 months, the insufferable iron with additional food is very effective in the development of anemia. Iron deficiency develops both anemia and the nervous system is affected. Iron deficiency anemia develops if oral iron intake is insufficient, absorption is low or blood loss is high.
Causes of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children
Babies born on time have enough iron stores. If the baby is breastfed, the iron tanks will not be empty because iron absorption will be good. Unfortunately, iron absorption is poor and ironloss from the intestines is too high in infants fed with cow’s milk. For this reason, iron deficiency is more common in infants who are fed cow’s milk in the early period. While breast milk meets all the needs of the baby for the first 6 months, additional foods must be started after the 6th month. Iron deficiency develops in infants who do not consume iron-rich foods such as red meat, fish, molasses, pulses. Chronic blood loss diseases, chronic diarrhea and parasitic diseases and excessive zinc use are among the other causes of iron deficiency.
Here’s how to count the reasons for developing postpartum anemia. Late onslence to additional nutrients, excessive cow’s milk use, vegetarian nutrition, chronic diarrhea, chronic infections, bowel-related absorption disorders, parasitic diseases, excessive blood loss, periods of rapid growth, premature birth, low birth weight.
The 7 Most Common Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia In Children
Clinical findings in iron deficiency anemia include: Fatigue, weakness, dizziness, headache, palpitations, fatigue quickly, paleness, fracture and scratching of the nails, cracks in the edge of the mouth, pain in the language, decreased sense of taste… Patients with anemia may have a desire to eat soil, salt, ice, paper, lime. Irritability, lack of appetite, lack of attention, low school success, reliance on comprehension and perception, frequent infection can be seen. In milk children, swallowing difficulties, participation seizures, pause in development, motor development reaism may be observed. Here’s 7 most commen symptoms of iron deficiency anemia in child:
1. Lack of appetite is one of the most common findings in infants with iron deficiency.
2. Bruising while crying and joining is another common symptom. Infants with iron deficiency may experience a lot of crying, irritability and insomnia.
3. Iron deficiency leads to difficulty swallowing in infants.
4. These babies get sick more often than other babies. The nails are weak and weak and break quickly. Hair loss is also a common finding in these babies.
5. If iron deficiency anemia occurs, nerves weaken and there is a decline in the development of infants. A toddler can stop walking during this period.
6. Infants with iron deficiency appear pale-skinned.
7. Eating soil, lime, paper and napkins is observed as another symptom of iron deficiency.
What is iron deficiency anemia in infants?
Iron is the building block of a substance called hemoglobin, which gives our blood redness. Hemoglobin is responsible for transporting oxygen to tissues. The condition in which hemoglobinin remains below the value it should be based on age is called anemia. Anemia due to iron deficiency is called iron deficiency anemia. Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are more severe. In the treatment of iron deficiency anemia, iron-containing foods should be increased, iron-containing drugs should be used and treated if there is a disease that causes anemia.
How Does Iron Deficiency Anemia Occur?
“Iron deficiency” develops if the oxygen carrier in the blood cannot be adequately taken with the iron foods necessary for the construction of hemoglobine, if it cannot be absorbed by the body, if there is blood loss or if the need for iron has increased. In some cases, genetics can also be the cause of iron deficiency. Anemia caused by iron deficiency does not occur immediately overnight. It’s going to take a while for the bloodlessness to form.
What to Do If Children Have Iron Deficiency Anemia?
Consult your doctor. It can give you a drop containing iron. Iron is known to be the best absorption with your hungry wife. But that could upset your baby’s stomach. Your doctor may recommend that you give the iron drop with food. Your doctor may want to check your baby’s iron ratio level again for several months. Don’t worry, it may take a while for the body to fill up its iron tanks. Don’t say, “I’ll give you iron supplements and nothing happens.” More than iron is also harmful… Be sure to talk to your doctor about it.
Iron Deficiency Anemia Treatment in Children
Five basic applications are important in the prevention of iron deficiency anemia. Respectively, anemia is the prevalence rate, nutritional training, iron support, control of viralbacterial and parasitic diseases and enrichment of nutrients with iron.
Proflactic iron support, which is accepted worldwide to prevent anemia, is the most important protection method. Iron support for infants should be continued for 8 months. A study of 6-month-old infants found that the incidence of iron deficiency anemia 2% edict edict edict snuck from 30% to 2% with proflactic iron support. In the same study, it was determined that the mental and physical scores of children who received proflactic iron support in the 13th month were higher.
In the first 6 months, more iron deficiency anemia was observed in those who were fed food and cow’s milk instead of breast milk. Breast milk is sufficient for the first 6 months after birth in the feeding of infants. After that, in addition to breast milk, it is recommended to move to additional foods rich in iron. The drug, which is used to treat iron deficiency anemia in children, is better toered when children and infants under 24 months of age are given a single dose half an hour before morning feeding.
What’s iron-rich food?
A medium-sized tomato ens 47% of our daily vitamin C needs and 22% of our daily vitamin A needs. Isn’t that great? It’s important to note that it contains a high percentage of vitamin C. If you want to increase your baby’s iron intake, add the tomato to the food list. Another food that increases iron absorption is onions. However, it is important to be careful when using onions because it can cause gas problems. Green and red cabbage are also foods that increase iron absorption.
Foods rich in iron: breast milk, red meat, chicken, fish, eggs, molasses, green leafy vegetables, pumpkin, local, cauliflower, peas, broccoli, lentils, almonds, egg yolks, sesame seeds, raisins, prunes, dried apricots, sweet potatoes, broccoli, wheat rumour. Foods that increase iron absorption: citrus fruit, green vegetables, peach, apple, banana, tomato, kiwi, avocados, melon.
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