Influenza is the cause of frequent upper respiratory tract infection during the winter months in childhood. It is a common disease in children’s outpatient clinics. Influenza is an infection belonging to a group of viruses called influenza. Since influenza is a virus-related disease, using antibiotics is of no use. Antibiotics are useful in bacterial infections. Flu infections can be dangerous, especially in children under 2 years of age. The disease, which sometimes begins as a flu infection, can cause middle ear infection, sinusitis or pneumonia.
To Protect Children From Flu
Influenza is a disease transmitted through droplets. Hand washing is the main method of prevention of infections through droplets. It is very important that our children and ourselves get into the habit of washing their hands effectively before, after, after the toilet.
When someone has the flu at home, it is appropriate for both the patient and other members of the house to wash hands more frequently, to use disposable wipes, to vent the house frequently.
In Which Months Does The Flu Most Common?
Influenza is seen every year from October to May. Therefore, it is appropriate to make the vaccine before the start of this period. Influenza can cause more dangerous and serious diseases in children with chronic diseases that hold asthma, diabetes, brain and nervous system. Hospitalized in these children are more likely to start antiviral medication. In to protect these groups of patients from influenza, it is recommended to vaccinate against influenza every year.
How Is Flu Treated In Children?
It is recommended that a person with the flu necessarily rest. You should take plenty of liquid food. Foods rich in vitamin C have a benefit in decreasing the severity and duration of the disease. Paracetamol and ibuprufen group drugs can be used for fever, aggravated. Saline nasal drops are useful for nasal obstructions.
When patients in the risk group have the disease, starting antiviral drugs in the first 1-2 days may help to reduce the severity of the disease. Severe flu infections can sometimes cause different ailments, which we call complications. These include middle ear infection, sinusitis and zaturre. The treatment of these complications is with antibiotics.
Should Children Be Given The Influenza Vaccine Every Year?
Since the flu virus can change itself every year, a flu vaccine is prepared with a mixture of species that are likely to outbreak that year. These types of influenza virus are determined among the groups selected from among the most disease-causing species in the previous year. For this reason, the flu vaccine should be done every year.
When Is The Influenza Vaccine Given To Children?
The protection of the flu vaccine begins 2-3 weeks after vaccination. The correct application is the completion of vaccination in September and October, when the flu season begins and new season flu vaccines are released. In case of late, the flu vaccine may benefit children who have not yet had the flu that year until the end of December.
Wouldn’t the child with the flu shot be sick that year?
Children may also have upper respiratory tract infections when influenza is vaccinated. Upper respiratory tract infection is caused by many viruses, bacteria. Influenza vaccine is only 60-70% protective in protecting infections related to influenza virus. Influenza vaccines on the market are protective against three types of influenza virus. These types are listed below:
- Influenza A (H1N1)
- Influenza A (H3N2)
- Influenza B virus
Is the flu vaccine recommended for every child?
Influenza is a disease that usually occurs spontaneously with supportive treatment in healthy adults and children. It is recommended that only children and adults in the risky group be vaccinated against influenza. These risky situations are listed below.
- Children with neurological and nervous system disorders (brain diseases, spinal cord patients, muscle patients, epilepsy, mental retardation, severe developmental retardation, spinal cord damage)
- Chronic lung diseases (cystic fibrosis, COPD)
- Heart patients (conical heart patients, heart failure)
- Blood diseases
- Endocrine diseases (diabetes)
- Kidney disorders
- Liver patients
- Metabolic diseases (obstetrial metabolic diseases, mitochondrial diseases)
- Immune system patients or those with weak immune systems due to treatment (cancer patients, those taking steroid therapy)
- Situations where children should use aspirin for the long term
Warning: It would be appropriate to consult your doctor in determining risk groups
Getting The Influenza Vaccine Is Risky In Some Cases
- Those less than 6 months old
- Those with severe egg allergy
- Those with allergy to the flu vaccine
Influenza vaccination is different in children between the ages of 6 months and 8 years. Children in this age range should be given two doses if they have never been vaccinated before. The first dose allows the immune system to be stimulated, while the second dose provides vaccine protection. There should be 28 days between vaccination. Half dose (25ml) of vaccination under the age of 3 should be performed. Children over 3 and under 9 who have never been vaccinated against influenza before should be given a second dose of 0.5 mL at least 4 weeks break. Children between the ages of 3 and 8 who have previously been vaccinated with two doses of the vaccine should be vaccinated with a single dose. It is enough to give a full dose and a single vaccine to children over 9 years of age.
Do Influenza Vaccines Contain Mercury?
Single-dose flu vaccines currently in use do not contain mercury. Only a single-use vaccine called Fluvirin contains trace amounts of mercury. Mercury is put in vaccines developed only for multiple applications (i.e. many people are vaccinated with a single vaccine) to prevent microbial contamination.
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